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Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month 2004: Sept. 15-Oct. 15: Culture On PBS; Through Learning During This Important Election Year
Hispanic Heritage Month 2004: Sept. 15-Oct. 15
July 15, 2004
WASHINGTON, July 15 /U.S. Newswire/ -- In 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim a week in September as National Hispanic Heritage Week. The observance was expanded in 1988 to a month long celebration (Sept. 15-Oct. 15). During this month, America celebrates the culture and traditions of U.S. residents who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the Caribbean. Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.
-- Population -- 39.9 million --
The estimated Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2003, making people of Hispanic origin the nation's largest race or ethnic minority. Hispanics constitute 13.7 percent of the nation's total population.(This estimate does not include the 3.9 million residents of Puerto Rico.) http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/race/001839.html and http:// www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/population/ 001624.html
-- 102.6 million --
The projected Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2050. According to this projection, Hispanics would constitute 24 percent of the nation's total population on that date. http:// www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/population/ 001720.html
-- Nearly 67 million --
The number of people of Hispanic origin who would have been added to the nation's population between 2000 and 2050, according to this projection. The projected percentage increase 188 percent would amount to a near tripling. http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/ releases/archives/population/001720.html
-- 67 percent --
The proportion of Hispanic-origin people who are of Mexican background. Of the remainder, 14 percent are of Central and South American backgrounds, 9 percent Puerto Rican, 4 percent Cuban and 7 percent other Hispanic origins. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/ www/2003/cb03-100.html
-- 50 percent --
The percentage of the Hispanic-origin population that lives in California and Texas. California is home to 11.9 million Hispanics and Texas to 7.3 million. More than 3-in-4 Hispanics live in seven states, which have Hispanic populations of 1 million or more. They are California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois, Arizona and New Jersey. http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/ population/001342.html
-- 43 percent --
The proportion of New Mexico's population that is Hispanic, highest of any state. California and Texas were next, at 34 percent each. http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/ population/001342.html
-- Families -- 8.5 million --
The number of Hispanic families who reside in the United States. Of these families, 63 percent include their own children under 18 years old. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/cb03- 97.html
-- 68 percent --
The percentage of Hispanic families consisting of a married couple. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/cb03-97.html
-- 44 percent --
The percentage of Hispanic families consisting of a married couple with children under 18. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/ www/2003/cb03-97.html
-- Spanish Language -- 29 million --
The number of U.S. residents age 5 and older who speak Spanish at home. Spanish speakers constitute a ratio of more than 1-in-10 U.S. residents. Among all those who speak Spanish at home, more than one- half say they speak English "very well." http:// factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DatasetMainPageServlet?(under) program(equal)ACS&(under)lang(equal)en&(under)ts(equal)99845287688
-- Coming to America -- 40 percent --
The percentage of the Hispanic population that was foreign-born in 2002. Among theforeign-born Hispanic population that year, 52 percent entered the United States between 1990 and 2002. http:// www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/cb03-100.html
-- 61 percent --
The percentage of Hispanic children with at least one foreign- born parent. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2003/cb03- 97.html
-- 9.9 million --
The number of foreign-born people in 2002 who were born in Mexico, by far more than any other Latin American country or any other country in the world for that matter. Other Latin American countries of origin with more than half a million foreign-born were Cuba (887,000), El Salvador (873,000), the Dominican Republic (654,000), Colombia (566,000) and Guatemala (511,000). Overall, there are 17.3 million foreign-born people from Latin American countries. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?(under) program(equal)ACS&(under)lang(equal)en&(equal)ts(equal)99843395607
-- Income and Poverty -- $33,103 --
The real median income of Hispanic households in 2002, down 2.9 percent from the previous year. http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/ www/releases/archives/income(under)wealth/001371.html
-- 21.8 percent --
The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2002, unchanged from 2001. http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/ income(under)wealth/001371.html
-- Education -- 57 percent --
The percentage of Hispanics 25 and over who had at least a high school education in 2003, up from 53 percent a decade earlier. http:/ / www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/education/ 001863.html
-- 11 percent --
The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and over with a bachelor's degree or higher in 2003, up from 9 percent a decade earlier. http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/ education/001863.html
Native residents of Hispanic origin had much higher high-school completion rates (74 percent) and college completion rates (14 percent) in 2003 than their foreign-born counterparts (45 percent and 10 percent, respectively). http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/ www/releases/archives/education/001863.html
-- 2.6 million --
The number of Hispanics 18 and over who have at least a bachelor's degree. This is more than double the number in 1990 (1.1 million). http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/ archives/education/001863.html and http://www.census.gov/prod/ cen1990/cp3/cp-3-4.pdf
-- Jobs -- 36,200 --
The number of Hispanic physicians and surgeons. Latinos are represented in a wide variety of occupations. For instance, there are about 51,400 Hispanic postsecondary teachers; 34,700 chief executives of businesses; 28,600 lawyers; 5,400 news analysts, reporters and correspondents; and 650 legislators. http:// www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/releases/archives/ census(under)2000/001633.html
-- 22 percent --
The percentage of Hispanics who work in service occupations. Another 21 percent work as operators and laborers and 14 percent in managerial and professional occupations. The percentages of Hispanics working in service occupations as operators and laborers were not statistically different. http://www.census.gov/Press- Release/www/2003/cb03-100.html
-- Proud to Serve -- 1.1 million --
The number of Latino veterans of the U.S. armed forces. About 63,000 Hispanic-origin people were on active duty in 2002 in the United States. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ DatasetMainPageServlet?(under) program(equal)ACS&(under)lang(equal)en&(under)ts(equal)99843395607
The following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau's Facts for Features series, which can be found at http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/factsheets.html
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day (Jan. 19); African-American History Month (February); Valentine's Day (Feb. 14); Women's History Month (March); Irish-American Heritage Month (March); St. Patrick's Day (March 17); Asian Pacific American Heritage Month (May); Older Americans Month (May); Mother's Day (May 9); Father's Day (June 20); The Fourth of July (July 4); Back to School (August); Labor Day (Sept. 6); Grandparents Day (Sept. 12); Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15); Halloween (Oct. 31); American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November); Veterans Day (Nov. 11); Thanksgiving Day (Nov. 25); The Holiday Season (December); Anniversary of Americans With Disabilities Act (July 26)
Editor's note: Some of the preceding data were collected in surveys and, therefore, are subject to sampling error. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau's Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; fax: 301-457-3670; or e- mail: pio(At)census.gov.
Contact: Census Bureau's Public Information Office, 301-763-3030 or pio(At)census.gov
Celebrate Hispanic Culture On PBS
PBS offers variety of Latin-themed programs for Hispanic Heritage Month
September 15, 2004
In celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month - September 15-October 15, 2004 - PBS brings the vibrant talents of Latino actors, actresses and producers into viewers' homes. With broadcast premieres and encore presentations, animation, drama, history, art and music, PBS has something with a little Latin flavor for everyone.
Latino artists across the United States take center stage in a groundbreaking six-part television event Visiones: Latino Arts And Culture, premiering Sunday, September 5 and airing Sundays through October 10, 2004, 10:30-11:00 p.m. ET. Viewers experience the world of Latino artistic expression as the series journeys throughout the country, capturing rich stories about theater, music, dance, spoken word and the visual arts. From New York City's hip-hop culture to mural painters in Los Angeles and Chicago to theater in Texas, the series offers a unique cross-section of Latino artists working today. Through storytelling and vivid imagery, the fast-paced and entertaining series leads the viewer to understand the origins of Latino art and culture, and depicts the struggles and victories of the artists as part of their artistic interpretation. Additionally, the series examines the nation's diverse Latino communities and how they were able to keep their artistic expressions alive while creating new and unique visions that contribute to art in America.
Kids will find a new place to watch and learn weekday afternoons with the new daily animated series Maya and Miguel. Lively and colorful, Maya and Miguel chronicles the adventures, and sometimes misadventures, of 10-year-old twins Maya and Miguel Santos, and features their family, friends and a richly diverse neighborhood. The programs present culture and language learning as fun, relevant and rewarding for all children, with a special emphasis on the Latino population. This never-a-dull-moment situation comedy revolves around Maya's well-intended meddling in her family's and friends' lives, ultimately creating new quandaries to fix. Sprinkled throughout the series are values of friendship and family and a positive, culturally rich portrayal of Latino family, language and cultures. The weekday series premieres Monday, October 11, 2004 (check local listings).
Oscar-winner Richard Dreyfuss stars as a veteran cop working on Manhattan's Upper West Side in this new two-part offering of PBS Hollywood Presents, "Cop Shop," airing Wednesday, October 6, 2004, 9:00-10:30 p.m. ET. Blair Brown ("The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd," The Astronaut's Wife), Oscar-winner Rita Moreno (West Side Story, Oz), Rosie Perez (Do the Right Thing, White Men Can't Jump) and Jay Thomas ("The Education of Max Bickford," Mr. Holland's Opus) also star. The first part, "Fear," focuses on the heated exchange between police officers and a gathering of local residents on the verge of panic over a series of rapes in the community. The second part, "Blind Date," provides a glimpse into the lives of working women in a neighborhood brothel when their paths cross with the police.
Sure to keep everyone on their feet is the music and beats from the Puerto Rico Jazzfest 2003 (September, 2004, check local listings). This year's festival features performances by Berkley professor William Cepeda, Makoto Ozone, Paquito D'Rivera, Claudia Acuña and Chick Corea.
And rounding out the month is the conclusion of the encore presentation of the the Emmy(R) award-nominated miniseries American Family - Journey Of Dreams. This compelling epic interweaves the Gonzalez family's courageous escape from the Mexican Revolution to seek a better life in America with the sacrifices the family made in the 1990s to send their first-born son to medical school and the consequences of those sacrifices as seen through the war in Iraq. Edward James Olmos, Constance Marie, Yancey Arias, Jesse Borrego, Patricia Velasquez, Kate del Castillo and Raquel Welch star, with special guest stars Esai Morales, Lynn Whitfield and Rachel Ticotin and special appearances by Sonia Braga. American Family - Journey Of Dreams airs Sundays, 7:00-8:00 p.m. ET through October 23, 2004.
Throughout the months of September and October, PBS offers a wide variety of encore presentations of award-winning documentaries and acclaimed specials. Please check local listings for airdates and times of the following programs:
American Experience "Zoot Suit Riots"
In August 1942, the murder of a young Mexican American ignited a firestorm in Los Angeles. The tensions that had been building up for years between Mexican and white Los Angelenos boiled over. The press claimed that Mexican youth - known as "zoot-suiters" for the clothes they wore - were terrorizing the city with a wave of crime. Police fanned out across the city arresting 600 Mexican Americans. Seventeen zoot-suiters headed to a trial in which prosecutors had little evidence to present. Nonetheless, guilty verdicts were handed down to all. The tensions the trial inflamed sparked riots between servicemen and the Mexican American community that led to zoot-suiters being beaten and stripped of their clothes. Despite vigorous denials from city officials, a citizens' committee concluded the riots had been fueled by racial prejudice and encouraged by sensational news reporting and a discriminatory police department.
Beyond The Border
Over the past decade, thousands of Latinos seeking "la vida buena" (the good life) have migrated to Kentucky, finding low-paying jobs in the tobacco, manufacturing and horseracing industries. As the Latino communities have swelled, so too have xenophobia and discrimination. BEYOND THE BORDER traces the painful transition made by four sons in the Vierya family, who leave their parents and sisters in Mexico and fight cultural, class and language barriers in Kentucky.
Come And Take It Day
Myth, history and heavy metal collide in Jim Mendiola's enticing South Texas tale of dreams, schemes and revenge. The century-old legend of the lost treasure of Tejano folk hero Gregorio Cortez changes the lives of four present-day Texans, each working in a tourist trap restaurant on the San Antonio Riverwalk. This Tejano film noir explores the class structure of San Antonio's multi-layered Latino community while telling a fascinating story of obsession, betrayal and death.
Flamenco: The Passion Of Spanish Dance
This one-hour performance program of sizzling group presentations, sultry duos and solo interpretations of the passion of Spanish dance features Maria Benitez, an internationally acclaimed performer, choreographer and director (who has appeared on Evening At Pops) who performs "El Amor" with her troupe, Teatro Flamenco.
Independent Lens "Foto-Novelas: Junkyard Saints and Broken Sky"
Exploring the Latino experience through the prism of dreams, memories and reality, "Foto-Novelas" consists of two half-hour dramas: "Junkyard Saints," a spiritual thriller set in a South Texas automotive graveyard; and "Broken Sky," a fictionalized account based on the real-life 1948 plane crash that killed 28 Mexicans in Fresno, California.
P.O.V. "90 Miles"
Juan Carlos Zaldavar's "90 Miles" is a personal memoir that offers a rare glimpse into Cuba, a country as mythologized to Americans as the United States is to the rest of the world. The Cuban-born filmmaker recounts the strange fate that brought him as a teenage communist to exile in Miami in 1980 during the Mariel boatlift. Zaldavar uses news clips, family photos and home movies to depict the emotional journey of an immigrant father and son struggling to understand the historical and individual forces shaping their relationships and identities in a new country.
Stealing Home: The Case Of Contemporary Cuban Baseball
Set against the backdrop of the 38th Cuban National Championship Series, Stealing Home examines the tension between baseball players who left Cuba in search of freedom and multimillion-dollar contracts and the government that invests heavily in their training. This program probes a sociopolitical conflict that is fundamental to any political ideology - the interests of the individual versus those of the greater good. Should baseball players in Cuba be expected to play exclusively in the Cuban National League, forgoing American baseball, in the interests of a society that benefits from the sport both as a national pastime and in less tangible terms as the assertion of a sovereign identity?
Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Through Learning During This Important Election Year
August 23, 2004
FARMINGTON HILLS, Mich., Aug. 23 /PRNewswire/ -- Hispanic Heritage Month, Sept. 15 through Oct. 15, provides a great opportunity to learn more about the fascinating and influential Hispanic culture -- especially during this election year. With Latinos weighing in as the largest minority group in the United States at 34.7 million, the group has a great deal of voting power.
As we learn more about the current changes Hispanics have brought about, especially in America, it's important to remember their long, deep history, which has helped shape our country and culture.
In fact, Spanish missionaries were the first to introduce grapes into California in 1564. And did you know that the United States had to purchase the Florida peninsula from Spain for $5 million? And consider what America would look like if Queen Isabella of Spain hadn't financed Christopher Columbus' voyage? Would our country even exist? Most likely not as we know it today.
During Hispanic Heritage Month, Thomson Gale, with the help of libraries across the country, is bringing a world of information to students, researchers and those who are curious, by providing a number of free resources. These resources include free access to our Spanish-language databases, Consulta and Informe!.
Consulta is a Spanish-language collection of references, magazines and primary documents that can be searched using an English or Spanish menu. Informe! is the first electronic database in Spanish and is specifically designed to meet the research needs of Spanish-speaking users. It allows users to search the most popular Spanish-language periodicals for quality Hispanic reference material. Free access to Consulta and Informe! can be obtained at http://www.gale.com/ beginning Sept. 15.
Thomson Gale also is featuring Celebrating Hispanic Heritage on its Web site http://www.gale.com/ beginning on Sept. 15. Teachers, students and Spanish-speaking people can find a collection of activities, http://www.gale.com/free_resources/chh/activities/index.htm , and information to complement classroom learning and assignments, including:
* Biographies of significant present-day and historical Hispanic individuals, featuring Hispanics in the arts, http://www.gale.com/free_resources/chh/bio/index.htm
* Articles about Latinos and the 2004 Election
* Four weekly quizzes on Hispanic culture, which can be taken and submitted for prizes, http://www.gale.com/free_resources/chh/quiz/index.htm
* Historical timeline of events, beginning in 1492, that helped shape the Hispanic culture and our country, http://www.gale.com/free_resources/chh/timeline/index.htm
* Information about Hispanic holidays, musical genres and other cultural topics, http://www.gale.com/free_resources/chh/music/index.htm
* Suggested reading and links to other credible Web sites, http://www.gale.com/free_resources/chh/featured_titles.htm
In addition, visitors to Thomson Gale's Celebrating Hispanic Heritage Web site can sign up to receive a free bimonthly Spanish community e-newsletter created to inform and celebrate the cultural, racial and linguistic diversity of Hispanics. It features original articles on current topics in Spanish- language studies and history.
The impact that the Hispanic culture has made on our past, and the influence it will have on our country's future, provides a compelling reason to learn and celebrate during Hispanic Heritage month. An abundance of information and ways to celebrate can be found at local libraries and at http://www.gale.com/ .
Hispanics in the Political Process
Widespread political activity at the national level by Hispanic Americans has been intermittent since the first Hispanic was elected to Congress. Joseph Marion Hernandez was elected to Congress representing Florida in 1822 as a member of the Whig party. No other Hispanic held national office for thirty years. A total of eleven Hispanics were elected to the U.S. Congress in the entire nineteenth century, all from New Mexico, except for one from California and Congressman Hernandez from Florida. From the turn of the century until the 1950s, there were a total of fifteen, five from New Mexico, two from Louisiana, and eight resident commissioners from Puerto Rico, which became a U.S. possession in 1898. Since the 1960s, the number of Hispanic Americans elected to Congress has been steadily increasing. In 1991, there were thirteen Hispanics serving in the 102d U.S. Congress, representing constituents from California (Hispanic population 26%), Florida (Hispanic population 12%), New Mexico (Hispanic population 38%), New York (Hispanic population 12%), Texas (Hispanic population 26%), Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
For a century, the majority of Hispanic Americans holding political office at the local level was limited to southwestern states, southern Florida, and New York City. Since the 1960s, growth in the population of Hispanics and favorable civil rights legislation, such as the Voting Rights Act of 1965, have combined to create opportunity for Hispanic candidates to win public office in other areas of the country. Hispanic Americans have made the greatest inroads at the municipal level. In 1991, Hispanics held elected office at the local level in thirty-five of the fifty states. Harry P. Pachon, national director of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO), stated that in 1990 NALEO identified "4,004 Hispanic Americans holding publicly elected offices throughout the country." Pachon stated that "although this number is only a small fraction of the nation's 504,404 elected officials, less than one percent, the number of Hispanic elected officials for various states is quite large."
In the past thirty years, Hispanic Americans have become one of the largest and fastest-growing groups of elected officials in the United States. Congressman Bill Richardson (D-NM) states, "National candidates and both major political parties are undertaking major campaigns to woo Hispanic American support. We are recognized as the nation's fastest growing minority group and are being courted as such. This attention will only increase our political strength."
Source Citation: "Hispanics in the Political Process." DISCovering Multicultural America. Online Edition. Gale, 2003. Reproduced in Student Resource Center. Detroit: Gale, 2004. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/SRC
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